I felt that I had attained to the finest fraternity in the world. I was selected by the Worshipful Master of the Lodge to serve as Junior Steward and later honored by serving as Chaplain. My studies in ritual and degree work continued as Junior Warden and then Senior Warden.
Most types of animal cell differentiate at an early stage and then lose the ability to differentiate, whereas many types of plant cells retain the ability to differentiate throughout life.
In mature animals, cell division is mainly restricted to repair and replacement. As a cell differentiates it acquires different sub-cellular structures to enable it to carry out a certain function.
It has become a specialised cell. Know and understand that an electron microscope has much higher magnification and resolving power than a light microscope. This means that it can be used to study cells in much finer detail.
This has enabled biologists to see and understand many more sub-cellular structures. You should appreciate the differences in magnification and resolution between a light microscope and an electron microscope. Be able to explain how electron microscopy has increased understanding of subcellular structures.
Be able to use prefixes centimillimicro and nano expressing answers in standard form and carry out calculations involving magnification, real size and image size using the formula: With electron microscopes, using a beam of electrons instead of a beam of light, you gain a much higher resolution seeing much smaller objects e.
Bacteria can be grown in a nutrient broth solution or as colonies on an agar gel plate. Uncontaminated cultures of microorganisms are required for investigating the action of disinfectants and antibiotics.
You should be able to describe how to prepare an uncontaminated culture using aseptic technique Petri dishes and culture media must be sterilised before use to kill unwanted microorganisms inoculating loops used to transfer microorganisms to the media must be sterilised by passing them through a flame the lid of the Petri dish should be secured with adhesive tape to prevent microorganisms from the air contaminating the culture, and stored upside down to stop condensation drops falling onto the agar surface.
You are measuring the area of bacterial growth or the inhibition of bacterial growth due to the effect of an antibiotic or antiseptic. Be able to interpret the results of the petri dish experiments e. Be able to calculate the number of bacteria in a population after a certain time if given the mean division time.
HT only You should be able to express the answer in standard form. Revise the investigation into the effect of antiseptics or antibiotics on bacterial growth using agar plates and measuring zones of inhibition.
Each chromosome carries a large number of genes. In body cells the chromosomes are normally found in pairs. Be able to use models and analogies to develop explanations of how cells divide.
One of these stages is mitosis where the DNA, which has already been copied, divides. During the cell cycle the genetic material is doubled and then divided into two identical cells. In mitosis one set of chromosomes is pulled to each end of the cell and the nucleus divides.
You need to understand the three overall stages of the cell cycle but do not need to know the different phases of the mitosis stage. Cell division by mitosis is important in the growth and development of multicellular organisms.
You should be able to recognise and describe situations in given contexts where mitosis is occurring.
You should be able to describe the function of stem cells in embryos, in adult animals and in the meristems in plants.DPT Past Papers Tufians.
likes. Visit page for past semesters papers of Doctor of Physical Therapy of The University of Faisalabad. Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility Help. Press alt + / to open this menu. Facebook. This reaction would take a very long time to occur, but by adding a catalyst (in this case manganese (IV) oxide), it will make the reaction occur quicker.
This demonstrates that the presence of a catalyst increases the rate of reaction. Past Paper Questions. HOME. In what tense (present/past) should papers be written? up vote 60 down vote favorite. That is, should it be present tense or past tense? Should there be a difference between the abstract, main body and the conclusion?
Discussion of the data presented in the paper uses the present tense. Revision summaries for AQA GCSE Combined Science: Chemistry Paper 2 (this page). What's assessed in this paper? (the 'sub-topic' numbers are just based on a simple numerical order) SUMMARY Topic 13 The rate and extent of chemical change (Combined Science Trilogy Chemistry paper 2).
Topic Rate of reaction Topic Reversible reactions and dynamic equilibrium. MRSA Abscess and Septra Reaction A Personal Story and Home-Care Advice, Nick Yee, Main Draft Posted on June 12th I've recently struggled with a series of health issues that have severely impacted my life, both physically and psychologically.
Topic Cell structure (AQA GCSE Biology Paper 1). Eukaryotes and prokaryotes (Revision notes for AQA GCSE Biology, Paper 1, Topic 1 "Cell Biology"). Know that plant and animal cells (eukaryotic cells) have a cell membrane, cytoplasm and genetic material enclosed in a nucleus.